The guitar is one of the most popular and widely played instruments in the world. The guitar is known for its beautiful looks, addictive playability, and outstanding sound. The guitar is a must for every band out there, and is in the vast majority of all bands today. In order to learn the guitar you must first understand guitar basics, the construction and techniques which make the guitar so fascinating and difficult to master.
What makes the guitar so amazing? One of the first guitar basics is how it produces the sound. The guitar produces its sound through vibration, and resonation. It has six strings numbered from the smallest (known as the first string) all the way up to the thickest and deepest sounding, the sixth string. These strings are based on a chromatic scale which uses letters of the alphabet to represent musical notes. The guitar consists of E, B, G, D, A, E, from one to six. (smallest to largest, or first thru sixth)
In order to combine notes, the musician depresses its strings against a fret board. They are pressed against a small metal rod, known as the fret itself, placed on the fret board, and produce sound. Depending on how far away from the sound hole the string is depressed, notes are produced varying in pitch. The farther up (towards the sound hole) on the fret board you go, the higher the note of the string. The guitar can play multiple notes at once and these are known as chords. By pressing down and holding multiple strings you are making a chord.
Right and left hand guitar techniques
In guitar basics there are several techniques for the right hand (the picking and strumming hand) to play guitar. First there is simple strumming, either with a pick or with just fingers. This strumming can be complicated also as in flamenco guitar music. Then there is using a pick to play one note at a time, such as in lead guitar. Then there is fingerpicking,also known as Travis picking named for one of the pioneers, which is using several or all of the fingers of the right hand all at once to play different notes.
One of the very first guitar basics that everyone struggles with is learning to tune the guitar. Every beginner struggles with this aspect of guitar learning.Thankfully we now have electronic tuners which can help you take the guess work out of tuning a guitar. Ask your teacher or search on line for guitar tuners.
The guitar uses bronze strings in which to produce soft, brilliant sounds. The exception to this is the electrical guitar which uses nickel plated strings to produce a more mellow sound and interact better with elctronic pickups found on the electric guitar. The classical, or nylon string guitar uses just that, nylon strings.The fourth, fifth and sixth strings are a combination of nylon wrapped with bronze.
When you first begin learning the guitar and getting to know the guitar basics, it is important to know all of the above, so that you can begin learning how to play. The first step that you should always want to take is to learn the basic chords. Then practice your strumming patterns. If you can’t keep a rhythm, you’re not ready for any of the other aspects. Once you have mastered the chords and strum patterns, you can begin picking the chords string by string to add more melody and skill towards your music. The last thing that anyone should learn is the first thing that every one wants to learn, scales.
Lead guitar is flashy, but is difficult to pull off at first. Once you have become adapted to the guitar basics, it becomes easier to progress to other techniques. Stay with it and be patient and you can learn guitar fast enough to move to the next level.